what is the meaning of life?). What is Quizlet? Coding by forming associations between new information and information already stored; makes information more meaningful; elaborative rehearsal. Estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind we presume such events are common. Those for personally experienced events (i.e. coined the phrase "bilingual advantage" showing bilingual children are better able to tune out irrelevant information, argues that humans' special talent for language is a species-specific trait that is the product of natural section. Involves simple repetition of the presented material; not an effective way to encode material; maintenance rehearsal. A Closer Look at Working Memory For general, factual knowledge (i.e. Welcome to the self-quiz on Cognition. Women will join forces and protect the offspring. Study Cognitive Psychology faster than others with adaptive flashcards. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. … Children are particularly susceptible to having false memories planted C. There is little correlation between witness certainty and witness accuracy. The disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information. It looks like your browser needs an update. Handout 9-1 T/F. The difficulty in learning vocabulary is a problem that lies in not anchoring the new items to relevant established entities in cognitive structure. ), Irrelevant information, functional fixedness, mental set, unnecessary constraints, confirmation bias, belief perseverance, overconfidence effect, framing. ; Read this Chapter in your textbook or Ebook. Early speech stage in which the child speaks like a telegram- "go car"- using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting "auxiliary" words. (Also called source misattribution.) comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin). The retention of encoded information over time. Through insight, chimps were able to use props in order to retrieve rewards. Matching new items to the prototype provides a quick/easy method for including items in a category (i.e. The tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice. The tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving. Cognition is a term referring to the mental processes involved in gaining knowledge and comprehension. Mental grouping of similar objects, events, or people (i.e. Essentially judging people by stereotypes. Language is a valuable means of communication that has enormous adaptive value. Anxious parents might defend using flashcards with toddlers as "nurturing their cognitive development." Metacognition is a subdivision of cognition, or a type of cognition. ; Read the Chapter Review Summary of this Chapter. Chapter Study Outline. a prefix). These cognitive processes include thinking, knowing, remembering, judging, and problem-solving. Spend … You may select only one answer per question. Just thinking, day dreaming; usually image laden (i.e. Begin with a problem and come up with many different solutions. These questions accompany Chapter 7 (Cognition) of the online textbook Psychology: An Introduction). Argues that retrieval failure occurs when established associations conflict with what we are trying to recall. Study of these mental activities: concept formation, problem solving, decision making, judgment formation; study of both logical/illogical thinking. Start studying Cognition, Language, and Memory Psychology Vocabulary. Address: 6116 Wilson Mills Rd Mayfield Village, OH 44143 Phone: 440-995-6900 Fax: 440-995-6805 ‘This research focuses on how dissociative processes and implicit cognition may act in concert to affect substance use.’ ‘Narrative approaches to therapy place emphasis on cognition and social processes in meaning making.’ ‘He is an experimental psychologist specialising in the study of human cognition and language understanding.’ Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the 7 digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten. Handout 9-3. a full-scale working model used to test a design concept by making actual observations and necessary adjustments, a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem, a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem, a feature of thought and problem solving that includes the tendency to generate or recognize ideas considered to be high-quality, original, novel, and appropriate, the tendency to look for evidence in support of a belief and to ignore evidence that would disprove a belief, according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved, a tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past, The tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving, judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevant information, Estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind, we presume such events are common, tendency to overestimate our ability to make correct predictions, clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited, an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning, presenting information either positively or negatively in order to change the influence is has on an individual or group, a system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning, in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix), (linguistics) one of a small set of speech sounds that are distinguished by the speakers of a particular language, in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others, language rules that govern how words can be combined to form meaningful phrases and sentences, beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language, the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words, beginning about age 2 the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two word statements, early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram--'go car'--using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting 'auxiliary' words, Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think, language development; disagreed with Skinner about language acquisition, stated there is an infinite # of sentences in a language, humans have an inborn native ability to develop language. vocabulary from 7A and 7B Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. 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